Pneumonia affects millions of people each year and is usually diagnosed by looking at the patient’s symptoms and patient past records. It is normally misdiagnosed with malaria, asthma and tuberculosis. These diseases have many signs in common and there is need to clearly differentiate them. Lack of a clear differentiation between viral and bacterial pneumonia during diagnosis leads to wrong administration of drugs especially antibiotics which creates resistance. Research also has it that most lives are lost when the disease is under-estimated i.e. when its severity is not known.